Time dilation in God’s universe – it’s real. GPS, for example, wouldn’t work if we didn’t understand it.
Einstein’s special theory of relativity tells us that, because the GPS satellites travel with a much faster velocity relative to us on earth, it moves through time slower than we do (losing 7 microseconds a day compared to our clocks). But then Einstein’s general theory of relativity tells us that, because it is farther away from a massive object than we are (Earth), time passes faster for the satellite relative to us on Earth (gaining 45 microseconds per day). In order for GPS to work at all, our location calculations have to correct for these time dilation effects (a net gain of 38 microseconds daily over our clocks).
One serious problem with the modern cosmological model (the big bang theory) is that its predictions don’t match our measurements. To make them match, cosmologists postulated what some scientists call “fudge factors”: dark matter and dark energy, substances we have never actually measured and which, if they exist, make up 95% of the matter-energy of the universe (leaving everything we measure to consist of only 5%).
And yet, even with these factors, the model can’t account for many of the things we observe in outer space.
If our model is bogus, then our ability to increase our knowledge of God’s creation is hampered, and so is our ability to progress in development.
Christians are finally starting to get involved in the work of reconstructing astrophysics. Here’s a book written by Christian physicist Dr. John Hartnett. He holds to creation in six 24-hour days. He has developed a model based on the work of a recently-deceased Jewish scientist (Moshe Carmeli) who extended Einstein’s relativity theories to the greater cosmos. That theory is called cosmological special relativity. Hartnett’s model shows that when Carmeli’s theory is applied in conjunction with the presupposition that earth and the cosmos are young, many of our modern cosmological problems vanish.
When Edwin Hubble first discovered the cosmic background radiation and the red shift, because of its uniformity he was appalled by its implications. Most cosmologists like to say that it is the “smoking gun” that proves the big bang theory, but Hubble’s first reaction was horror:
“Such a condition would imply that we occupy a unique position in the universe,” he wrote, “…but the unwelcome supposition of a favoured location must be avoided at all costs.”
In fact, he abandoned the big bang theory because of his interpretation of the background radiation, instead embracing a steady-state universe theory. Modern cosmology assumes that the position of the Milky Way and the Earth aren’t at the center of the cosmos.
As it turns out, by applying Carmeli’s theory, and assuming earth is at the center of the universe, or close to it, and taking Scripture seriously, we come up with some interesting conclusions:
“But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding” (Jeremiah 10:12)
This theory, the author asserts, is able to make predictions that match our observations without invoking dark matter or dark energy. As God stretched out the cosmos during the fourth creation day, the spreading of the fabric of space resulted in a massive time dilation event that explains the size of the universe within a six-thousand-year framework.
The theory also accounts for anomolies and upholds the modern observations that the universe appears to be about 28 billion light-years in size — all without compromising the text of Scripture.
If it proves to be true, then we can gain much better knowledge about the universe and put it to use in the future in unknown ways, just as we did with GPS.
The theological implications — that what we observe in the far reaches of the galaxy, thousands, millions, and billions of light years away are actually events that happened on the fourth day as God was in the process of creating the cosmos — are stunning.
It’s a pretty interesting read. The first 100 pages are generally easy to understand for the layman if he has any prior background in science. The second hundred pages are a set of appendices that are full of complex math. The theory is probably still in its infancy, but the growth in astrological interest by Christians bringing self-consciously Reformed, presuppositional insights into the field is encouraging.
Time is not absolute. Frame of reference is critical — relative to who? And Genesis seems to be told from the Earth’s reference frame during the six days of active creation.
The book is published by Creation Science Ministries. It is available on Amazon by clicking here: Starlight, Time and the New Physics by Dr. John Hartnett.